A pilot project to evaluate intensive desensitisation, oral tolerance therapy and hunger provocation programme for children who have had prolonged tube feeds

Harding, C., Faiman, A. & Wright, J. (2010). A pilot project to evaluate intensive desensitisation, oral tolerance therapy and hunger provocation programme for children who have had prolonged tube feeds. International Journal of Evidence Based Health Care, 8(4), pp. 268-276. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-1609.2010.00184.x

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Abstract

Background: Some children with feeding difficulties may require nasogastric tube feeding or insertion of a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) from a young age. A small cohort of these children can develop severe oral aversions that can delay the re-introduction of oral feeding. Multidisciplinary approaches that provide an intensive approach are deemed the most effective method of intervention to reduce nasogastric and PEG dependency.

Methods: Two children and their parents received an intensive approach to reduce PEG feeds (Child A and Child B), while one child and her parents elected to receive a traditional feeding clinic approach (Child C). The mean age of the participants was 4 years 4 months.

Results: Child A initially took 2090 kJ (44% daily nutritional requirement) via her PEG before the intensive program, and Child B took 100% daily nutritional requirement via his PEG. Three months post the intervention, Child A took 100% of her nutritional requirements orally and Child B had reduced PEG requirement significantly to 38% of daily nutritional requirement. Child C showed no changes in PEG versus oral intake.

Children who received the intervention were able to remain focused on mealtimes for longer, with fewer instances of leaving the table. Parents altered their language styles post coaching on the intensive intervention using fewer reprimands. No changes with these behaviours were noted with Child C.

Conclusions: Although this was a small pilot study, there are some strategies used within an intensive multidisciplinary context that can enable children to reduce their reliance on PEG feeds significantly.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Divisions: School of Health Sciences > Department of Language & Communication Science
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/3354

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