Extension of direct displacement-based design methodology for bridges to account for higher mode effects

Kappos, A.J., Gkatzogias, K.I. & Gidaris, I.G. (2013). Extension of direct displacement-based design methodology for bridges to account for higher mode effects. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 42(4), pp. 581-602. doi: 10.1002/eqe.2229

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Abstract

An improvement is suggested to the direct displacement-based design (DDBD) procedure for bridges to account for higher mode effects, the key idea being not only the proper prediction of a target-displacement profile through the effective mode shape (EMS) method (wherein all significant modes are considered), but also the proper definition of the corresponding peak structural response. The proposed methodology is then applied to an actual concrete bridge wherein the different pier heights and the unrestrained transverse displacement at the abutments result in an increased contribution of the second mode. A comparison between the extended and the 'standard' DDBD is conducted, while further issues such as the proper consideration of the degree of fixity at the pier’s top and the effect of the deck’s torsional stiffness are also investigated. The proposed methodology and resulting designs are evaluated using nonlinear response-history analysis (NLRHA) for a number of spectrum-compatible motions. Unlike the 'standard' DDBD, the extended procedure adequately reproduced the target-displacement profile providing at the same time a good estimate of results regarding additional design quantities such as yield displacements, displacement ductilities etc., closely matching the results of the more rigorous NLRHA. However, the need for additional iterations clearly indicates that practical application of the proposed
procedure is feasible only if it is fully 'automated', i.e. implemented in a software package.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: displacement-based design; bridges; reinforced concrete; higher mode effects
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/3559

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