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Dynamic response and robustness of tall buildings under blast loading

Fu, F. (2013). Dynamic response and robustness of tall buildings under blast loading. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 80, pp. 299-307. doi: 10.1016/j.jcsr.2012.10.001

Abstract

Recently, extensive research has been focused on the progressive collapse analysis of the multi-storey buildings. However, most of the research is based on the Alternative Path Method (APM) with sudden removal of the columns, ignoring the duration of the blast load working on the structures. In this paper, a 3-D numerical model with the direct simulation of blast load is proposed to study the real behaviour of a 20 storey tall building under the blast loading. A typical package bomb charge of 15 kg was detonated on the 12th floor. The corresponding dynamic response of structure was studied in details. The robustness of the building under blast load was assessed. Comparison between the proposed method and the APM was also made. It is found that, due to the uplift and downward pressure working on the slab, the column force under the direct blast simulation method is smaller than that of the alternative path method. The method to enhance the robustness of the buildings is also recommended.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher Keywords: progressive collapse, blast, arrival time, duration, overpressure
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/3567
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