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Informal Jobs and Trade Liberalisation in Argentina

Acosta, P. and Montes-Rojas, G. (2014). Informal Jobs and Trade Liberalisation in Argentina. Journal of Development Studies, doi: 10.1080/00220388.2014.919381

Abstract

Rapid trade liberalisation can exert profound effects on labour markets. Domestic firms, to sustain competitiveness for survival, could react through cutting labour benefits to achieve cost reductions. Alternatively, trade liberalisation may alter the industry composition of firms changing the aggregate formality rates. This paper studies the relationship between trade liberalisation and informality in Argentina. Using manufacturing industry-level data for 1992-2003, the results confirm the hypothesis that trade increases informality in industries that experience sudden foreign competition. This explains about a third of the increase in informality. Sectors with higher investment ratios are able to neutralize and reverse this effect.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published in Journal of Development Studies on 20 June 2014, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/00220388.2014.919381.
Publisher Keywords: informality, trade liberalisation, Argentina
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Economics
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/3859
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