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Objectives: We examined the effects of two mindfulness-based strategies on chocolate consumption amongst individuals who were trying to reduce the amount of chocolate they consumed.
Methods: Participants (n = 137) were allocated to one of three conditions and employed either cognitive defusion, acceptance, or relaxation (control) techniques to help them resist chocolate over 5 days. During this period, they carried a bag of chocolates with them and recorded any chocolate or chocolate-related products they consumed. They also completed a questionnaire measure of the extent to which chocolate consumption was automatic, both before and after the 5-day period.
Results: Results showed that compared to controls, those in the cognitive defusion group ate significantly less chocolate from the bag (p = .046) and less chocolate according to the diary measure (p = .053). There was evidence that these changes were brought about by reductions in the extent to which chocolate consumption was automatic. There were no differences in chocolate consumption between the acceptance and control groups.
Conclusions: Our results point to a promising brief intervention strategy and highlight the importance of disentangling the effects of different mindfulness-based techniques.
|Additional Information:||This is the accepted version of the following article: Jenkins, K. T. and Tapper, K. (2014), Resisting chocolate temptation using a brief mindfulness strategy. British Journal of Health Psychology, 19: 509–522, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12050|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
|Divisions:||School of Social Sciences > Department of Psychology|
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