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The production of spontaneous false memories across childhood.

Otgaar, H., Howe, M. L., Peters, M., Smeets, T. and Moritz, S. (2014). The production of spontaneous false memories across childhood.. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 121, pp. 28-41. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2013.11.019

Abstract

We found evidence that the usual developmental trends in children's spontaneous false memories were eliminated using novel stimuli containing obvious themes. That is, children created more false memories than adults when scenes needed to be remembered. In Experiment 1, 7- and 8-year-olds had higher false memory rates than adults when using visual scenes. Experiment 2 showed that gist cuing could not account for this effect. In Experiment 3, children and adults received visual scenes and story contexts in which these scenes were embedded. For both types of stimuli, we found that children had the highest false memory rates. Our results indicate that the underlying theme of these scenes is easily identified, resulting in our developmental false memory trend.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 121, May 2014, Pages 28–41, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2013.11.019
Publisher Keywords: DRM, Development, False memory, Memory, Spreading activation, Suggestion
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Psychology
Related URLs:
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/3996
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