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Test-induced priming increases false recognition in older but not younger children

Dewhurst, S., Howe, M. L., Berry, D. M. and Knott, L. (2012). Test-induced priming increases false recognition in older but not younger children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 111(1), pp. 101-107. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2011.08.006

Abstract

The effect of test-induced priming on false recognition was investigated in children aged 5, 7, 9, and 11 years using lists of semantic associates, category exemplars, and phonological associates. Consistent with effects previously observed in adults, nine- and eleven-year-olds showed increased levels of false recognition when critical lures were preceded by four studied items. This pattern was present with all three list types. In contrast, no effects of test-induced priming were observed in five- or seven-year-olds with any list type. The findings also support those of previous studies in showing a developmental shift from phonological to semantic false memories. The findings are discussed in terms of current theories of children’s false memories.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 111, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 101–107, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2011.08.006
Publisher Keywords: False memory, test-induced priming, memory development
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Psychology
Related URLs:
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/4203
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