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The development of automatic and controlled inhibitory retrieval processes in true and false recall

Knott, L., Howe, M. L., Wimmer, M. C. and Dewhurst, S. (2011). The development of automatic and controlled inhibitory retrieval processes in true and false recall. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 109(1), pp. 91-108. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2011.01.001

Abstract

In three experiments we investigated the role of automatic and controlled inhibitory retrieval processes in true and false memory development in children and adults. Experiment 1 incorporated a directed forgetting task to examine controlled retrieval inhibition. Experiments 2 and 3 utilized a part-set cue and retrieval practice task to examine automatic retrieval inhibition. In the first experiment, the forget cue had no effect on false recall for adults but reduced false recall for children. In Experiments 2 and 3, both tasks caused retrieval impairments for true and false recall, and this occurred for all age groups. Implicit inhibition, which occurs outside of our conscious control, appears early in childhood. However, because young children do not process false memories as automatically as adults, explicit inhibition can reduce false memory output.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 109, Issue 1, May 2011, Pages 91–108, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2011.01.001
Publisher Keywords: Retrieval inhibition, False memory development, DRM paradigm, Directed forgetting, Automaticity, Associative-Activation Theory
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Psychology
Related URLs:
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/4204
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