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A Group Intervention or Smoking Cessation: The Impact of a Group Cohesion Strategy on Attendance and Outcome

Pires-Yfantouda, R. and Sykes, C. (2012). A Group Intervention or Smoking Cessation: The Impact of a Group Cohesion Strategy on Attendance and Outcome. International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 2(2), pp. 16-21. doi: 10.5923/j.ijpbs.20120202.03

Abstract

This study investigated the effectiveness of incorporating methods to boost group processes as means of enhancing attendance and abstinence from smoking for 4 consecutive weeks following a set quit day (self-report and CO monitored on expired breath). A total of 140 smokers (age: M = 48, SD = 12.45; 47% male, 53% female) attended the North West London Specialist clinic. Abstinence was verified by CO levels in expired breath and self-reports. Participants were allocated to two conditions; half attended the traditional Hajek group intervention (HGI) and the remaining received (HGI) plus a “breaking the ice exercise” (BIE). HGI Findings indicated the groups with emphasis on social support and where initial rapport was built were significantly more successful. This study suggests that group methods, rapport and social support play a role in group dynamics affecting therapeutic outcome. Incorporating a simple intervention where patients address each other’s motives for joining the Clinic and introduce their peers augments cohesiveness.

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: Addiction, Smoking, Social Support, Behavior, Nursing Practice, Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/4570
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