Brief Report: Schema Consistent Misinformation Effects in Eyewitnesses with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Maras, K. L. & Bowler, D. M. (2011). Brief Report: Schema Consistent Misinformation Effects in Eyewitnesses with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41(6), pp. 815-820. doi: 10.1007/s10803-010-1089-5

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Abstract

A number of studies have demonstrated schema-related misinformation effects in typical individuals, but no research to date has examined this with witnesses with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), despite their impaired ability to generate core elements that define everyday events. After witnessing slides depicting a bank robbery, 16 adults with ASD and 16 matched comparison individuals were exposed to post-event misinformation that was either schema typical or atypical. Consistent with previous work, the comparison group went onto report more schema typical misinformation than atypical misinformation. However, so too did the ASD group, suggesting that individuals with ASD do have understanding of the causal links between events, persons and actions, an important finding from both theoretical and applied perspectives.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10803-010-1089-5
Uncontrolled Keywords: Autism Spectrum Disorder, Schema, Typicality, Misinformation, Eyewitness, Memory
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: School of Social Sciences > Department of Psychology
Related URLs:
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/4727

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