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A gender difference in false recall of negative words: Women DRM more than men

Dewhurst, S., Anderson, R. J. and Knott, L. (2012). A gender difference in false recall of negative words: Women DRM more than men. Cognition and Emotion, 26(1), pp. 65-74. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2011.553037

Abstract

Gender differences in susceptibility to associative memory illusions in the Deese/Roediger-McDermott paradigm were investigated using negative and neutral word lists. Women (n = 50) and men (n = 50) studied 20 lists of 12 words that were associates of a nonpresented critical lure. Ten lists were associates of negatively-valenced lures (e.g., cry, evil) and ten were associates of neutral lures (e.g., chair, slow). When asked to recall the words after each list, women falsely recalled more negative lures than men, but there was no gender difference in the false recall of neutral lures. These findings suggest that women reflect on associations within negative lists to a greater degree than men and are thereby more likely to generate the negative critical lures.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Cognition and Emotion on 28 Feb 2011, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02699931.2011.553037
Publisher Keywords: False memory, Emotion, Gender
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Psychology
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/4767
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