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Sacrificing their Careers for their Families? An Analysis of the Family Pay Penalty in Europe

Gash, V. (2009). Sacrificing their Careers for their Families? An Analysis of the Family Pay Penalty in Europe. Social Indicators Research, 93(3), pp. 569-586. doi: 10.1007/s11205-008-9429-y

Abstract

This paper examines the extent of and the mechanisms behind the penalty to motherhood in six European countries. Each country provides different levels of support for maternal employment allowing us to determine institutional effects on labour market outcome. While mothers tend to earn less than non-mothers, the penalty to motherhood is considerably lower in countries with policy support for working mothers. The paper establishes the United Kingdom and West Germany to have the least policy support for working mothers as well as the largest penalties to motherhood.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11205-008-9429-y
Publisher Keywords: wages, maternal employment, cross-national analysis
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Sociology
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/5404
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