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Although brain imaging methods are highly effective for localizing the effects of neural activation throughout the human brain in terms of the blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) response, there is currently no way to estimate the underlying neural signal dynamics in generating the BOLD response in each local activation region (except for processes slower than the BOLD time course). Knowledge of the neural signal is critical if spatial mapping is to progress to the analysis of dynamic information flow through the cortical networks as the brain performs its tasks. We introduce an analytic approach that provides a new level of conceptualization and specificity in the study of brain processing by non-invasive methods. This technique allows us to use brain imaging methods to determine the dynamics of local neural population responses to their native temporal resolution throughout the human brain, with relatively narrow confidence intervals on many response properties. The ability to characterize local neural dynamics in the human brain represents a significant enhancement of brain imaging capabilities, with potential applications ranging from general cognitive studies to assessment of neuropathologies.
|Additional Information:||This Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. it is reproduced with permission.|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||blood oxygen level dependent, cortical processing, fMRI, human, neural dynamics, visual|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology|
|Divisions:||School of Health Sciences > Department of Optometry & Visual Science|
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