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The automatic nature of habitual goal-state activation in substance use; implications from a dyslexic population

Wilcockson, T.D. and Pothos, E. M. (2016). The automatic nature of habitual goal-state activation in substance use; implications from a dyslexic population. Journal of Substance Use, 21(3), pp. 244-248. doi: 10.3109/14659891.2015.1009506

Abstract

Habitual goal-state activation may automatically elicit effects upon cognition, motivation, and emotion, through influence upon processes operating outside of awareness. For example, alcohol craving may be triggered by environmental cues. This experiment considered whether priming habitual goal-states would have similar effects for adult dyslexics and non-dyslexic controls. Dyslexia may be associated with automatisation deficits, which may affect habitual goal-state response. Dyslexics were compared to non-dyslexics on their reported alcohol cravings, following priming of one of two habitual goal-state conditions; studying or socialising. Within some of the exploratory analyses, a difference between dyslexics and non-dyslexics was demonstrated. However, the difference was not in the anticipated direction, as it was the dyslexics who were more affected by the primes. This suggests that dyslexics may be affected by primes differently to non-dyslexics. This research potentially helps understand the role that habitual goal-states play within substance use.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Substance Use on 15 Feb 2015, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.3109/14659891.2015.1009506
Publisher Keywords: Alcohol; Craving; Priming; Dyslexia
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Psychology
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/6044
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