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At engine representative flow conditions a significant portion of flow over a high pressure turbine blade tip is transonic. In the present work, the choking flow behavior and its implications on over-tip leakage flow loss generation are computationally analyzed. An extensively developed RANS code (HYDRA) is adopted. Firstly a high speed linear cascade validation case is introduced, and the computations are compared with the experimental data to identify and establish the capability of the code in predicting the aerodynamics losses for a transonic turbine blade tip. The computational studies are then carried out for the blading configuration at different flow conditions ranging from a nearly incompressible to a nominal transonic one, enabling to establish a qualitatively consistent trend of the tip leakage losses in relation to the exit Mach number conditions. The results clearly show that the local choking sets a limiter for the over tip leakage mass flow, leading to a different leakage flow structure compared to that in a low speed and/or unchoked condition. The existence of tip choking effectively blocks the influence of the suction surface side on the over-tip flow, and hence leads to a breakdown of the pressure-driven mechanism, conventionally used in tip treatment and designs. The decoupling between blade loading and over tip leakage mass flow is clearly identified and highlighted. Furthermore, the realization of the loading-leakage flow decoupling indicates a possibility of a high-load blading design with a relatively low tip leakage loss. A high load blading is generated and analyzed to demonstrate the feasibility of such designs with a reduced tip leakage loss.
|Additional Information:||Copyright AIAA. Published in final form at Journal of Propulsion and Power, http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/1.B34112|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics|
|Divisions:||School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering|
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