Understanding disability glare: light scatter and retinal illuminance as predictors of sensitivity to contrast

Patterson, E., Bargary, G. & Barbur, J. L. (2015). Understanding disability glare: light scatter and retinal illuminance as predictors of sensitivity to contrast. Journal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics, Image Science & Vision (JOSA A), 32(4), pp. 576-585. doi: 10.1364/JOSAA.32.000576

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Abstract

The presence of a bright light in the visual field has two main effects on the retinal image: reduced contrast and increased retinal illuminance due to scattered light; the latter can, under some conditions, lead to an improvement in retinal sensitivity. The combined effect remains poorly understood, particularly at low light levels. A psychophysical flicker-cancellation test was used to measure the amount and angular distribution of scattered light in the eye for 40 observers. Contrast thresholds were measured using a functional contrast sensitivity test. Pupil-plane glare-source illuminances (i.e. 0, 1.35, 19.21 lm/m2), eccentricities (5°, 10°, 15°), and background luminances (1, 2.6, 26 cd/m2) were investigated. Visual performance was better than predicted, based on loss of retinal image contrast caused by scattered light, particularly in the mesopic range. Prediction accuracy improved significantly when the expected increase in retinal sensitivity in the presence of scattered light was also incorporated in the model.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2015 Optical Society of America. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modifications of the content of this paper are prohibited.
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Divisions: School of Health Sciences > Department of Optometry & Visual Science
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/6381

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