Twin-tunnelling-induced ground movements in clay

Divall, S. & Goodey, R.J. (2015). Twin-tunnelling-induced ground movements in clay. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Geotechnical Engineering, 168(3), pp. 247-256. doi: 10.1680/geng.14.00054

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Abstract

Modern tunnelling methods aim to reduce ground movements arising from the construction process. In clay strata the usual method of construction is by tunnel boring machine, which allows close control of the tunnelling process; however, any movements have the potential to cause damage to existing structures at, and below, the ground surface. The construction of underground rail systems often comprises two tunnels running in opposite directions. Common practice for assessing construction-generated movements around these tunnels is to make predictions based upon individual tunnel construction and utilise superposition to generate a total deformation profile. This approach does not take into account the strain- or stress-dependent effects between tunnel constructions. A delay may result in unanticipated ground movements generated by the construction of the second tunnel. The effect of this delay on the ground movements arising between the first and the second tunnel construction process was investigated in a series of plane strain centrifuge tests. The ground movements at and below the surface were monitored and were assessed against superposition-based predictions for surface settlement with the outcomes highlighting some inconsistencies. A procedure for predicting both surface and subsurface vertical settlement profiles in the plane transverse to the advancing tunnels in clay is suggested.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Permission is granted by ICE Publishing to print one copy for personal use. Any other use of these PDF files is subject to reprint fees.
Uncontrolled Keywords: tunnels & tunnelling; subsidence; models (physical)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/6511

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