Approval Ratings of Inpatient Coercive Interventions in a National Sample of Mental Health Service Users and Staff in England

Whittington, R., Bowers, L., Nolan, P., Simpson, A. & Neil, L. (2009). Approval Ratings of Inpatient Coercive Interventions in a National Sample of Mental Health Service Users and Staff in England. Psychiatric Services, 60(6), pp. 792-798. doi: 10.1176/ps.2009.60.6.792

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Abstract

Objective: To ascertain the degree of approval amongst service users and staff for various coercive measures commonly used in acute mental health care.

Methods: A cross-sectional design was adopted. The Attitudes to Containment Measures Questionnaire (ACMQ) was completed by 1,361 service users and 1,226 staff in acute care mental health services from three regions of England. This provided evaluation of eleven coercive measures (e.g. seclusion) on six dimensions of approval (e.g. indignity, safety) in a large national sample. Comparisons between groups were tested using independent samples t-tests, χ2 or Spearman correlations.

Results: Both service users and staff disapproved strongly of mechanical restraint and expressed a relative preference for compulsory intramuscular medication and seclusion. Male staff, older service users and staff who had been involved in implementing coercion expressed greater approval of coercive measures.

Conclusion: Mechanical restraint remains highly objectionable to staff and service users in English mental health services despite its widespread acceptance elsewhere in the world.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The official published article is available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/ps.2009.60.6.792
Uncontrolled Keywords: violence, coercion, attitude of health personnel, physical restraint, intramuscular injection
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: School of Health Sciences > Department of Mental Health & Learning Disability
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/7240

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