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Patient ethnicity and three psychiatric intensive care units compared: the Tompkins Acute Ward Study

Bowers, L., Simpson, A., Nijman, H. and Hall, C. (2008). Patient ethnicity and three psychiatric intensive care units compared: the Tompkins Acute Ward Study. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 15(3), pp. 195-202. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2850.2007.01211.x

Abstract

Background: Psychiatric Care Units provide care to disturbed patients in a context of higher security and staffing levels. Although such units are numerous, few systematic comparisons have been made, and there are indications that ethnic minority groups may be over-represented.

Aim: To compare the rates of adverse incidents and patterns of usage of three Psychiatric Intensive Care Units.

Method: The study used a triangulation or multi-method design, bringing together data from official statistics, local audit and interviews conducted with staff.

Results: Intensive care patients were more likely to be young, male, and suffering a psychotic disorder, as compared to general acute ward patients. Caribbean patients were twice as likely, and Asian patients half as likely, to receive intensive care (age, gender and diagnosis controlled). There were large differences in service levels, staffing, team functioning and adverse incidents between the three units. Various aspects of physical security were important in preventing absconds.

Conclusions: More evaluative research is required in order to define effective service levels, and to explore the nature of the interaction between ethnicity and inpatient care provision during acute illness.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the accepted version of the following article: BOWERS, L., SIMPSON, A., NIJMAN, H. and HALL, C. (2008), Patient ethnicity and three psychiatric intensive care units compared: the Tompkins Acute Ward Study. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 15: 195–202, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2850.2007.01211.x
Publisher Keywords: admissions, deprivation, ethnicity, teamwork, throughput
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Departments: School of Health Sciences
Related URLs:
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/7311
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