Decay of the supersonic turbulent wakes from micro-ramps

Sun, Z., Schrijer, F. F. J., Scarano, F. & van Oudheusden, B. W. (2014). Decay of the supersonic turbulent wakes from micro-ramps. Physics of Fluids, 26(2), 025115. doi: 10.1063/1.4866012

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Abstract

The wakes resulting from micro-ramps immersed in a supersonic turbulent boundary layer at Ma = 2.0 are investigated by means of particle image velocimetry. Two micro-ramps are investigated with height of 60% and 80% of the undisturbed boundary layer, respectively. The measurement domain is placed at the symmetry plane of the ramp and encompasses the range from 10 to 32 ramp heights downstream of the ramp. The decay of the flow field properties is evaluated in terms of time-averaged and root-mean-square (RMS) statistics. In the time-averaged flow field, the recovery from the imparted momentum deficit and the decay of upwash motion are analyzed. The RMS fluctuations of the velocity components exhibit strong anisotropy at the most upstream location and develop into a more isotropic regime downstream. The self-similarity properties of velocity components and fluctuation components along wall-normal direction are followed. The investigation of the unsteady large scale motion is carried out by means of snapshot analysis and by a statistical approach based on the spatial auto-correlation function. The Kelvin-Helmholtz (K-H) instability at the upper shear layer is observed to develop further with the onset of vortex pairing. The average distance between vortices is statistically estimated using the spatial auto-correlation. A marked transition with the wavelength increase is observed across the pairing regime. The K-H instability, initially observed only at the upper shear layer also begins to appear in the lower shear layer as soon as the wake is elevated sufficiently off the wall. The auto-correlation statistics confirm the coherence of counter-rotating vortices from the upper and lower sides, indicating the formation of vortex rings downstream of the pairing region.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright American Institute of Physics 2014.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/7372

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