Bi-partite entanglement entropy in massive (1+1)-dimensional quantum field theories

Castro-Alvaredo, O. & Doyon, B. (2009). Bi-partite entanglement entropy in massive (1+1)-dimensional quantum field theories. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, 42(50), doi: 10.1088/1751-8113/42/50/504006

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Abstract

This paper is a review of the main results obtained in a series of papers involving the present authors and their collaborator J L Cardy over the last 2 years. In our work, we have developed and applied a new approach for the computation of the bi-partite entanglement entropy in massive (1+1)-dimensional quantum field theories. In most of our work we have also considered these theories to be integrable. Our approach combines two main ingredients: the 'replica trick' and form factors for integrable models and more generally for massive quantum field theory. Our basic idea for combining fruitfully these two ingredients is that of the branch-point twist field. By the replica trick, we obtained an alternative way of expressing the entanglement entropy as a function of the correlation functions of branch-point twist fields. On the other hand, a generalization of the form factor program has allowed us to study, and in integrable cases to obtain exact expressions for, form factors of such twist fields. By the usual decomposition of correlation functions in an infinite series involving form factors, we obtained exact results for the infrared behaviours of the bi-partite entanglement entropy, and studied both its infrared and ultraviolet behaviours for different kinds of models: with and without boundaries and backscattering, at and out of integrability.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: SINE-GORDON MODEL, FORM-FACTORS, BOUNDARY-CONDITIONS, SCATTERING THEORIES, GEOMETRIC ENTROPY, INTEGRABLE MODELS, BELL INEQUALITIES, SOLITON BEHAVIOR, THEORETIC MODELS, ISING-MODEL
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Science
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/790

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