Community psychiatric nurses and the care co-ordinator role: squeezed to provide ‘limited nursing’.

Simpson, A. (2005). Community psychiatric nurses and the care co-ordinator role: squeezed to provide ‘limited nursing’.. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 52(6), pp. 689-699. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2005.03636.x

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Abstract

Background: The Care Programme Approach (CPA) is the key policy underpinning community-focused mental health services but has been unevenly implemented and is associated with increased inpatient bed use. The care co-ordinator role is central to the CPA and is most often held by Community Psychiatric Nurses (CPNs), but there has been little research into how this role is conducted or how it impacts on the work of CPNs and their ability to meet the needs of service users.

Aim: The study aimed to identify and illuminate the factors that either facilitated or constrained the ability of CPNs, in their role as care co-ordinators, to meet service users’ and carers’ needs.

Methods: A multiple case study of seven sectorised community mental health teams was employed over two years using predominantly qualitative methods of participant observation, semi-structured interviews and document review.

Findings: Additional duties and responsibilities specifically associated with the care co-ordinator role and multidisciplinary working, combined with heavy workloads, combined to produce ‘limited nursing’, whereby CPNs are unable to provide evidence-based psychosocial interventions that are recognised to reduce relapse amongst people with severe mental illness.

Conclusions: The role of the CPA care co-ordinator was not designed to support the provision of psychosocial interventions. Consequently, CPNs in the co-ordinator role faced with competing demands are unable to provide the range of structured, evidence-based interventions required. This may partially account for the increased inpatient bed use associated with the CPA.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: Simpson, A. (2005). Community psychiatric nurses and the care co-ordinator role: squeezed to provide ‘limited nursing’.. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 52(6), pp. 689-699, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2005.03636.x/abstract. Authors are not required to remove preprints posted prior to acceptance of the submitted version.
Uncontrolled Keywords: care coordinator, care programme approach, community mental health teams, community psychiatric nurses, limited nursing
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: School of Health Sciences > Department of Adult Nursing
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/8074

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