An experimental investigation into the effect of hydrodynamic cavitation on diesel

Lockett, R. D. & Jeshani, M. (2013). An experimental investigation into the effect of hydrodynamic cavitation on diesel. International Journal of Engine Research, 14(6), pp. 606-621. doi: 10.1177/1468087413497005

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Abstract

Samples of commercial diesel were subjected to forty hours of intense cavitation flow across a diesel injector in a specially designed high-pressure recirculation flow rig. Changes to the optical absorption and scattering properties of the diesel over time were identified by the continuous measurement of spectral extinction coefficients at 405 nm by means of a simple optical arrangement. Identical diesel samples were maintained at 70 oC for forty hours in a heated water bath, in order to distinguish the effects of hydrodynamic cavitation and temperature on the cavitated diesel samples. The commercial diesel samples subjected to high pressure cavitation flow and water bath heating revealed a response to the flow and temperature history that was identified by an increase in the optical extinction coefficients of the cavitated and heated samples. The contribution of cavitation flow and temperature to the variation in spectral extinction coefficient was identified. It was concluded that the increases observed in the spectral extinction coefficients of the cavitated commercial diesels were caused by the cavitation affecting the aromatics in the commercial diesel samples.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright Sage 2013
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diesel, cavitation, sonochemistry, hydrodynamic, pyrolysis, particulates, extinction, scattering
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/8187

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