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Tailoring light-sound interactions in a single mode fiber for the high-power transmission or sensing applications

Gulistan, A., Rahman, M. M., Ghosh, S. ORCID: 0000-0002-1992-2289 and Rahman, B. M. ORCID: 0000-0001-6384-0961 (2018). Tailoring light-sound interactions in a single mode fiber for the high-power transmission or sensing applications. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 10714, p. 1071403. doi: 10.1117/12.2296703

Abstract

A full-vectorial numerically efficient Finite Element Method (FEM) based computer code is developed to study complex light-sound interactions in a single mode fiber (SMF). The SBS gain or SBS threshold in a fiber is highly related to the overlap between the optical and acoustic modes. For a typical SMF the acoustic-optic overlap strongly depends on the optical and acoustic mode profiles and it is observed that the acoustic mode is more confined in the core than the optical mode and reported overlap is around 94 % between these fundamental optical and acoustic modes. However, it is shown here that selective co-doping of Aluminum and Germanium in core reduces the acoustic index while keeping the optical index of the same value and thus results in increased acoustic- optic overlap of 99.7%. On the other hand, a design of acoustic anti-guide fiber for high-power transmission systems is also proposed, where the overlap between acoustic and optical modes is reduced. Here, we show that by keeping the optical properties same as a standard SMF and introducing a Boron doped 2ndlayer in the cladding, a very low value of 2.7% overlap is achieved. Boron doping in cladding 2ndlayer results in a high acoustic index and acoustic modes shifts in the cladding from the core, allowing much high power delivery through this SMF.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright 2018 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.
Publisher Keywords: Stimulated Brillouin Scattering, Finite Element Method, SBS Threshold, Acoustic anti-guide
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/20501
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