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Expressive vocabulary predicts non-verbal executive function: a 2-year longitudinal study of deaf and hearing children

Jones, A., Marshall, C., Botting, N. ORCID: 0000-0003-1082-9501, St Clair, M., Atkinson, J. and Morgan, G. ORCID: 0000-0002-9495-1274 (2018). Expressive vocabulary predicts non-verbal executive function: a 2-year longitudinal study of deaf and hearing children. Child Development, doi: 10.1111/cdev.13226

Abstract

Numerous studies suggest an association between language and executive function (EF), but evidence of a developmental relationship remains inconclusive. Data were collected from 75 deaf/hard-of-hearing (DHH) children and 82 hearing age-matched controls. Children were 6-11 years old at first time of testing, and completed a battery of nonverbal EF tasks and a test of expressive vocabulary. These tasks were completed again two years later. Both groups improved their scores on all tasks over this period. DHH children performed significantly less well than hearing peers on some EF tasks and the vocabulary test at both time points. Cross-lagged panel models showed that vocabulary at Time 1 predicted change in EF scores for both DHH and hearing children but not the reverse.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Jones, A., Marshall, C., Botting, N. , St Clair, M., Atkinson, J. and Morgan, G. (2018). Expressive vocabulary predicts non-verbal executive function: a 2-year longitudinal study of deaf and hearing children. Child Development, which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/cdev.13226. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
Publisher Keywords: Executive function; language; deafness; longitudinal; development
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Language & Communication Science
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/21054
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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