City Research Online

Are Mock Jurors Influenced by the Defendants Gender, Socio-Economic Status and Emotional State in Forensic Medicine?

Thompson, S. B. N., Merrifield, A. S. and Chinnery, H. (2011). Are Mock Jurors Influenced by the Defendants Gender, Socio-Economic Status and Emotional State in Forensic Medicine?. WebmedCentral FORENSIC MEDICINE, 2(2), WMC001632. doi: 10.9754/journal.wmc.2011.001632

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate whether mock jurors’ decisions were affected by the defendant’s gender, socio-economic status and emotional state in mock cases. The implications are far reaching, especially in trials that involve forensic medicine. An experimental design was used where a total of 24 participants from Bournemouth University took part, and were assigned to one of four groups. In these groups, the three independent variables were manipulated. Participants were presented with two murder/manslaughter cases. The results suggest male defendants received harsher judgements than female defendants. More female defendants were found not guilty than male defendants. Male defendants from a high socio-economic background received harsher judgements than male defendants from a low socio-economic background. Female defendants from a low socio-economic background received harsher judgements than female defendants from a high socio-economic background. Female defendants were found to be more trustworthy than male defendants. These findings are discussed are discussed in the context of the jury’s verdict, sentence length and personal opinion of the defendant.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License.
Publisher Keywords: Defendant, Emotion, Forensic Medicine, Forensic Verdict, Gender, Influence, Juror, Medical Decisions, Mock Juror, Socio-Economic Status
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Nursing
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/21090
[img]
Preview
Text - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (438kB) | Preview

Export

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login