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Optimal Policy Derivation for Transmission Duty-Cycle Constrained LPWAN

Sandoval, R. M., Garcia-Sanchez, A-J., Garcia-Haro, J. and Chen, T. ORCID: 0000-0001-8037-1685 (2018). Optimal Policy Derivation for Transmission Duty-Cycle Constrained LPWAN. IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 5(4), pp. 3114-3125. doi: 10.1109/JIOT.2018.2833289

Abstract

Low-power wide-area network (LPWAN) technologies enable Internet of Things (IoT) devices to efficiently and robustly communicate over long distances, thus making them especially suited for industrial environments. However, the stringent regulations on the usage of certain industrial, scientific, and medical bands in many countries in which LPWAN operate limit the amount of time IoT motes can occupy the shared bands. This is particularly challenging in industrial scenarios, where not being able to report some detected events might result in the failure of critical assets. To alleviate this, and by mathematically modeling LPWAN-based IoT motes, we have derived optimal transmission policies that maximize the number of reported events (prioritized by their importance) while still complying with current regulations. The proposed solution has been customized for two widely known LPWAN technologies: 1) LoRa and 2) Sigfox. Analytical results reveal that our solution is feasible and performs remarkably close to the theoretical limit for a wide range of network activity patterns.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Mathematical model, Internet of Things, Wireless sensor networks, Robustness, Batteries, Markov processes, Maintenance engineering, Internet of Things (IoT); long-range networks; LoRa; low-power wide-area network (LPWAN); Markov decision process (MDP); Sigfox
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/21571
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