City Research Online

How do psychiatrists address delusions in first meetings in acute care? A qualitative study

Zangrilli, A., Ducci, G., Bandinelli, P. L., Dooley, J., McCabe, R. ORCID: 0000-0003-2041-7383 and Priebe, S. (2014). How do psychiatrists address delusions in first meetings in acute care? A qualitative study. BMC Psychiatry, 14(1), 178.. doi: 10.1186/1471-244x-14-178

Abstract

Background
Communicating about delusions can be challenging, particularly when a therapeutic relationship needs to be established in acute care. So far, no systematic research has explored how psychiatrists address patients’ delusional beliefs in first meetings in acute care. The aim of this study was to describe how psychiatrists address patients’ delusional experiences in acute in-patient care.

Methods
First meetings between five psychiatrists and 14 patients in acute care were audio-recorded and analysed using thematic content analysis.

Results
296 psychiatrist statements about delusions were identified and coded. Three commonly used approaches (with a total of 6 subthemes) were identified. The most common approaches were eliciting the content (1 subtheme: eliciting content and evidence) and understanding the impact (3 subthemes: identifying emotions, exploring links with dysfunctional behaviour and discussing reasons for hospital admission) while questioning the validity of the beliefs (2 subthemes: challenging content and exploring alternative explanations) was less common. The last approach sometimes put patients in a defensive position.

Conclusions
Psychiatrists commonly use three approaches to address patients’ delusions in the first meeting in acute in-patient care. Questioning the patients’ beliefs can lead to disagreement which might hinder establishing a positive therapeutic relationship. Future research should explore the impact of such an approach on outcomes and specify to what extent questioning the validity of delusional beliefs is appropriate in the first meeting.

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: Delusions, Acute care, Communication, Therapeutic relationships
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Healthcare Services Research & Management
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/21743
[img]
Preview
Text - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution 2.0.

Download (306kB) | Preview

Export

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login