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Large-eddy simulation of an open-channel flow bounded by a semi-dense rigid filamentous canopy: Scaling and flow structure

Monti, A., Omidyeganeh, M. ORCID: 0000-0002-4140-2810 and Pinelli, A. ORCID: 0000-0001-5564-9032 (2019). Large-eddy simulation of an open-channel flow bounded by a semi-dense rigid filamentous canopy: Scaling and flow structure. Physics of Fluids, 31(6), 065108.. doi: 10.1063/1.5095770

Abstract

We have carried out a large-eddy simulation of a turbulent open-channel flow over a marginally dense, fully submerged, rigid canopy. The canopy is made of a set of rigid, slender cylinders normally mounted on a solid wall. The flow in the canopy is resolved stem-by-stem by means of an immersed boundary method. It is found that the flow behavior can be categorized according to the velocity distribution into two separate spatial regions: The canopy itself and the outer region above it. Within the region occupied by the canopy elements, the velocity magnitude is found to be related to the local shear stress. Outside the canopy, a logarithmic velocity profile matching the canonical turbulent open-channel flow over rough walls is recovered albeit the strong manipulation exerted by the canopy on the buffer layer. In the innermost layer, the presence of the stems is responsible for redistributing the local momentum fluctuations from a streamwise to a spanwise leading component, inhibiting the survival of the wall streamwise velocity streaks. On the other hand, the outer region presents a structure very similar to the well-known logarithmic boundary layer with the presence of large and energetic streamwise velocity streaks generated by a system of quasistreamwise vortices. These vortices strongly contribute to the intracanopy fluctuations through vigorous sweep and ejection events that affect all the region occupied by the stems. Consistent with the results of previous investigations [H. Nepf, "Flow and transport in regions with aquatic vegetation," Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 44, 123-142 (2012)], it is found that the inflection point in the mean velocity profile, produced by the drag discontinuity at the canopy tip, promotes the appearance of another system of spanwise oriented vorticity structures. However, different from previous results reported in the literature [J. Finnigan, "Turbulence in plant canopies," Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 32, 519-571 (2000)], in our simulations, the presence of alternating head up-head down hairpin vortices generated by a mutual induction of the counter-rotating spanwise vortices is not observed. Instead, we advocate that the modulation of the spanwise coherent vorticity is due to the action of the external logarithmic layer structures (i.e., the outer streamwise vortices that penetrate the canopy) rather than by upwash and downwash motions induced by the mutual interaction of the spanwise rollers.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and AIP Publishing. This article appeared in Monti, A., Omidyeganeh, M. and Pinelli, A. (2019). Large-eddy simulation of an open-channel flow bounded by a semi-dense rigid filamentous canopy: Scaling and flow structure. Physics of Fluids, 31(6), 065108. and may be found at https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5095770.
Publisher Keywords: canopy flow, roughness, large coherent structures, large-eddy simulation, immersed boundary method, scaling
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/22443
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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