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Centrifuge modelling to determine the influence of pile stiffness on pile capacity

Panchal, J. P., McNamara, A. M. ORCID: 0000-0002-3452-0800, Halai, H. and Divall, S. ORCID: 0000-0001-9212-5115 (2019). Centrifuge modelling to determine the influence of pile stiffness on pile capacity. In: Proceedings of the XVII European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. . London: International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. ISBN 978-9935-9436-1-3

Abstract

The stiffness of piles relates to their ability to resist deformation in response to an applied force. The modulus of elasticity of an uncracked concrete piles typically varies between 30-40kN/m2. Under axial loading these high stiffness piles transfer the load through the pile to the base. This results in low mobilisation of shaft friction as the stiff pile displaces uniformly and therefore the magnitude of skin friction along the entire length of the pile is small. In addition, base resistance of deep piles is mobilised at very high loads which may exceed the working load of the pile shaft. The adhesion factor, α, for bored piles in London Clay can range between 0.45 and 0.6 suggesting that a significant proportion of the soil strength cannot be mobilised. This low mobilisation of shaft resistance means that the ultimate bearing capacity is much reduced. The research investigated the behaviour of a low stiffness pile under axial load and compared this with a conventional high stiffness pile. The results demonstrated that the low stiffness pile exhibited marginally greater capacity at working load and a noticeably improved capacity at ultimate load.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Civil Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/22519
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