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Effects of intraocular lens glistenings on visual function: A prospective study and presentation of a new glistenings grading methodology

Stanojcic, N., O'Brart, D. P. S., Maycock, N. and Hull, C. ORCID: 0000-0002-2205-4443 (2019). Effects of intraocular lens glistenings on visual function: A prospective study and presentation of a new glistenings grading methodology. BMJ Open Ophthalmology, 4(1), e000266. doi: 10.1136/bmjophth-2018-000266

Abstract

Objective To investigate the effect of intraocular lens (IOL) glistenings on visual performance and evaluate a new glistenings grading methodology. Methods and Analysis Thirty-four patients (34 eyes) were recruited. Corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), mesopic gap acuity (MGA), functional contrast sensitivity (FCS) and forward light scatter were measured (Advanced Vision and Optometric Tests, City Occupational, London, UK). The IOL centre was imaged and glistenings density graded by three observers using the Miyata scale and a new system. Inter-rater reliability, association between the two grading scales, and correlations between glistenings grades and visual performance parameters were evaluated. Results The intraclass correlation coefficient between graders for the new grading system was 0.769 (95% Confidence Interval [CI] 0.636 to 0.868). There was a significant association between the Miyata scale and the new grading system for all graders (r s =0.533-0.895, p≤0.001). There was no association between CDVA or MGA and glistenings grade (r s =- 0.098, p=0.583 and r s =0.171, p=0.359, respectively). There was no association between FCS at mesopic light levels and glistenings grade (r s =-0.032, p=0.864), or the straylight parameter and glistenings grade (r s =0.021, p=0.916). No association was found between the integrated straylight parameter and glistenings grade (r s =0.078, p=0.701). Conclusion The new glistenings grading scale was highly reproducible. In this cohort, glistenings in the same hydrophobic acrylic IOL after cataract surgery were not associated with changes in visual function, as assessed by a series of tests not previously used in glistenings research.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ. This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited, appropriate credit is given, any changes made indicated, and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Departments: School of Health Sciences
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/22582
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