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Behavioural inhibition and valuation of gain/loss are neurally distinct from approach/withdrawal

McNaughton, N. and Corr, P. J. ORCID: 0000-0002-7618-0058 (2019). Behavioural inhibition and valuation of gain/loss are neurally distinct from approach/withdrawal. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 42, e132. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X19000712

Abstract

Gain or omission/termination of loss produces approach; while loss or omission/termination of gain produces withdrawal. Control of approach/withdrawal motivation is distinct from valuation of gain/loss and does not entail learning – making “reward” and “punishment” ambiguous. Approach-withdrawal goal conflict engages a neurally distinct Behavioural Inhibition System, which controls “anxiety” (conflict/passive avoidance) but not “fear” (withdrawal/active avoidance).

Publication Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Psychology
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/22776
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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