City Research Online

Seal and Sea lion Whiskers Detect Slips of Vortices Similar as Rats Sense Textures

Muthuramalingam, M. and Bruecker, C. ORCID: 0000-0001-5834-3020 (2019). Seal and Sea lion Whiskers Detect Slips of Vortices Similar as Rats Sense Textures. Scientific Reports,

Abstract

Pinnipeds like seals and sea lions use their whiskers in hunting their prey in dark and turbid conditions. There is no theoretical model or a hypothesis to explain the interaction of whiskers with hydrodynamic fish trails. The present work provides insight into the mechanism behind the Strouhal frequency identification from a Von-Karman vortex street behind bluff bodies, similar to the inverted hydrodynamic fish trail. Flow over 3D printed sea lion head with integrated whiskers of similar geometrical and material properties was investigated when being exposed to vortex streets behind cylindrical bluff bodies. It is found that the whiskers respond to the vortices by a jerky motion similar to the stick-slip response of rat whiskers on different surface textures. The Strouhal frequency of the upstream wake is clearly decoded with the time-derivative of the whisker response rather than the displacement response, which increases the sensing efficiency in noisy environments. It is hypothesized from the work that the time derivative of the bending moment of the whiskers is the best physical variable, which can be used as the input to the neural system of the pinnipeds.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2019. his article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Cre-ative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Subjects: S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/22792
[img]
Preview
Text - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (9MB) | Preview

Export

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login