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Machine Learning Regression Approach to the Nanophotonic Waveguide Analyses

Chugh, S., Ghosh, S. ORCID: 0000-0002-1992-2289, Gulistan, A. and Rahman, B. M. A. (2019). Machine Learning Regression Approach to the Nanophotonic Waveguide Analyses. Journal of Lightwave Technology, doi: 10.1109/jlt.2019.2946572

Abstract

Machine learning is an application of artificial intelligence that focuses on the development of computer algorithms which learn automatically by extracting patterns from the data provided. Machine learning techniques can be efficiently used for a problem with a large number of parameters to be optimized and also where it is infeasible to develop an algorithm of specific instructions for performing the task. Here, we combine the finite element simulations and machine learning techniques for the prediction of mode effective indices, power confinement and coupling length of different integrated photonics devices. Initially, we prepare a dataset using COMSOL Multiphysics and then this data is used for training while optimizing various parameters of the machine learning model. Waveguide width, height, operating wavelength, and other device dimensions are varied to record different modal solution parameters. A detailed study has been carried out for a slot waveguide structure to evaluate different machine learning model parameters including number of layers, number of nodes, choice of activation functions, and others. After training, this model is used to predict the outputs for new input device specifications. This method predicts the output for different device parameters faster than direct numerical simulation techniques. Absolute percentage error of less than 5% in predicting an output has been obtained for slot, strip and directional waveguide coupler designs. This study pave the step towards using machine learning based optimization techniques for integrated silicon photonics devices.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Training, Optical waveguides, Data models, Photonics, Machine learning, Neural networks, Numerical models, Machine learning, neural networks, regression, multilayer perceptron, silicon photonics.
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/23035
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