Items where Subject is "K Law > K Law (General)"
Group by: Creators | Item Type
Number of items at this level: 138.
Alemanno, A. & Bonadio, E. (2012). Plain packaging of cigarettes under EU law. In: T. Voon, A. D. Mitchell & J. Liberman (Eds.), Public Health and Plain Packaging of Cigarettes: Legal Issues. (pp. 214-237). Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 9780857939425
Allbon, E. (2013). Too cool for (law) school? Using technology to engage students in legal skills. European Journal of Law and Technology, 4(1),
Allbon, E. (2014). Web, Social Media and Online Communities for those Studying for Professions: Embraced or Tolerated?. Paper presented at the eLmL 2014 : The Sixth International Conference on Mobile, Hybrid, and On-line Learning, 23-03-2014 - 27-03-2014, Barcelona, Spain.
Baars, G. (2010). Palestinian political prisoners: Unfair game for Israel's persecution. Adalah Newsletter, 68, pp. 1-8.
Baars, G. (2011). 'Reform or Revolt?' Polanyian v Marxian perspectives on the regulation of 'the economic'. Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, 62(4), pp. 415-431.
Barelli, M. (2012). Free, Prior and Informed Consent in the Aftermath of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Rights: Developments and Challenges Ahead. International Journal of Human Rights, 16(1), pp. 1-24. doi: 10.1080/13642987.2011.597746
Barelli, M. (2010). The Interplay Between Global and Regional Human Rights Systems in the Construction of the Indigenous Rights Regime. Human Rights Quarterly, 32(4), pp. 951-979. doi: 10.1353/hrq.2010.0018
Birkett, G. (2013). ‘Transforming rehabilitation’ for women? A view from the courts. British Journal of Community Justice, 11(2-3), pp. 149-152.
Bonadio, E. (2012). Compulsory Licensing of Patents: the Bayer-Natco Case. European Intellectual Property Review, 34(10), pp. 719-728.
Bonadio, E. (2007). Crop Breeding and Intellectual Property in the Global Village. European Intellectual Property Review, 29(5), pp. 167-171.
Bonadio, E. (2010). ECJ Advocate General Rejects EU Patent Litigation Scheme. Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice, 5(12), pp. 826-827. doi: 10.1093/jiplp/jpq157
Bonadio, E. (2011). The EU Embraces Enhanced Cooperation in Patent Matters: Towards a Unitary Patent Protection System. European Journal of Risk Regulation, 2(3), pp. 416-420.
Bonadio, E. (2011). IP Provisions of the EU-Central America Association Agreement and Development Issues. Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice, 6(1), pp. 17-19. doi: 10.1093/jiplp/jpq165
Bonadio, E. (2010). Medical Methods, Risks to Public Health and Exception to Patentability. European Journal of Risk Regulation, 1(2), pp. 154-156.
Bonadio, E. (2011). Parallel Imports in a Global Market: Should a Generalised International Exhaustion be the Next Step?. European Intellectual Property Review, 33(3), pp. 153-161.
Bonadio, E. (2012). Plain Packaging of Tobacco Products under EU Intellectual Property Law. European Intellectual Property Review, 34(9), pp. 599-608.
Bonadio, E. (2008). Protecting Intellectual Property Rights Through EU Customs Procedures. International Trade Law & Regulation, 14(4), pp. 80-88.
Bonadio, E. (2010). Remedies and Sanctions for the Infringement of IPR under EC Law. European Intellectual Property Review, 30(8), pp. 320-327.
Bonadio, E. (2013). Standardization Agreements, Intellectual Property Rights and Anticompetitive Concerns. Queen Mary Journal of Intellectual Property(1), pp. 22-42. doi: 10.4337/qmjip.2013.01.02
Bonadio, E. (2012). Stem Cells Industry and Beyond: What is the Aftermath of Brüstle?. European Journal of Risk Regulation, 3(1), pp. 93-97.
Bonadio, E. (2011). Supplementary Protection certificates for Plant Protection Products and Provisional Marketing Authorisation: The ECJ's Decision in Lovells v. Bayer. The European Journal of Risk Regulation, 2(1), pp. 115-118.
Bonadio, E. (2012). Trademarks in Online Marketplaces: CJEU’s Stance in L’Oreal v eBay. Computer and Telecommunications Law Review, 18(2), pp. 37-41.
Bonadio, E. & Alemanno, A. (2010). The Case of Plain Packaging for Cigarettes - an Overview. European Journal of Risk Regulation, 1(3), pp. 268-270.
Bonadio, E. & Bellezza, M. (2011). Exceptions to Public Lending Rights and Remuneration to Authors: CJEU’s stance in Vewa v Belgium. Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice, 6(11), pp. 768-770. doi: 10.1093/jiplp/jpr141
Bonadio, E. & Bellezza, M. (2011). Private Copying Levy in Cross-Border Transactions: CJEU’s stance in Stichting v Opus. European Intellectual Property Review, 33(11), pp. 732-734.
Bonadio, E. & Cantore, C. M. (2010). Seizures of In Transit Generics at the EU Borders: India and Brazil v. the EU. The European Journal of Risk Regulation, 4(1), pp. 404-408.
Bonadio, E. & Santo, M. (2012). ‘Communication to the Public’ in FAPL v QC Leisure and Murphy v Media Protection Services (Joined Cases C-403/08 and C-429/08). European Intellectual Property Review, 34(4), pp. 277-279.
Bonadio, E. & Santo, M. (2012). Court of Milan holds video sharing platforms liable for copyright infringement. Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice, 7(1), pp. 14-16. doi: 10.1093/jiplp/jpr183
Boon, A., Karuk, V. & Urwin, P. (2011). What Difference Does it Make?: Facilitative Judicial Mediation of Discrimination Cases. Employment Tribunals' Industrial Law Journal, 40(1), pp. 45-81. doi: 10.1093/indlaw/dwq030
Bradford, B., Hohl, K., Jackson, J. & MacQueen, S. (2015). Obeying the rules of the road: Procedural justice, social identity and normative compliance. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 31(2), pp. 171-191. doi: 10.1177/1043986214568833
Brook, M., Murray-Rust, P. & Oppenheim, C. (2014). The Social, Political and Legal Aspects of Text and Data Mining (TDM). D-Lib Magazine, 20(11/12), doi: 10.1045/november2014-brook
Carran, M. (2012). Myths and truth of online gambling. Paper presented at the 8th International Conference on Internet, Law & Politics (IDP 2012): Challenges and Opportunities of Online Entertainment, 09 -10 July 2012, Barcelona Spain.
Carran, M. (2013). Regulation of adolescents’ gambling – too narrow approach. Public Law and Social Human Rights, 153(11), pp. 43-58.
Choo, A. L.-T. Abuse of Process and Delayed Prosecutions. In: P. Radcliffe, G. H. Gudjonsson, A. Heaton-Armstrong & D. Wolchover (Eds.), Witness Testimony in Sexual Cases Evidential: Investigative and Scientific Perspectives. . Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-967293-6
Choo, A. L.-T. (2013). Criminal Hearsay in England and Wales: Pragmatism, Comparativism, and Human Rights. Canadian Criminal Law Review, 17, pp. 227-252.
Choo, A. L.-T. & Nash, S. (2007). Improperly Obtained Evidence in the Commonwealth: Lessons for England and Wales?. The International Journal of Evidence & Proof, 11, pp. 75-105.
Chuah, J. C. T. (2011). Resolving Unresolved Relationship problems – the case of Cross Border Insolvency and Pending Arbitrations. European Company and Financial Law, 8(4), pp. 423-444. doi: 10.1515/ECFR.2011.423
Collins, D. A. (2008). Canada's Sub-Central Coverage Under the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement. Public Procurement Law Review, 17(1), p. 21.
Collins, D. A. (2008). Compulsory Arbitration Agreements in Domestic and International Consumer Contracts. King's Law Journal, 19(2), pp. 335-355. doi: 10.1080/09615768.2008.11423672
Collins, D. A. (2008). Efficient allocation of property rights on the planet Mars. Boston University Journal of Science and Technology Law, 14(2), pp. 201-219.
Collins, D. A. (2013). ICSID Annulment Committee Appointments: Too Much Discretion to the Chairman?. Journal of International Arbitration, 30(4), pp. 333-343.
Collins, D. A. (2010). Revisiting Canada's sub central coverage under the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement. London: The City Law School of City University London.
Collins, D. A. (2012). Sustainable international investment law after the Pax Americana: The BOOT on the other foot. The Journal of World Investment & Trade, 13(3), pp. 325-348. doi: 10.1163/221190012X637754
Collins, D. A. & Thomas, P. (2014). Measuring Gross Disproportion in Environmental Precaution to Establish Regulatory Expropriation and Quantum of Compensation in International Investment Arbitration. European Journal of Law and Economics, doi: 10.1007/s10657-014-9433-4
Collins, R. (2008). Hierarchy to homeostasis? Hierarchy, Markets and Networks in UK media and communications governance. Media Culture and Society, 30(3), pp. 295-317. doi: 10.1177/0163443708088789
Collins, R. (2009). Trust and trustworthiness in the fourth and fifth estates. International Journal of Communication, 3, pp. 61-86.
Costa, M. (2015). Accountability through Transparency and the Role of the Court of Justice. Paper presented at the CELS Lunchtime Seminar, 28-01-2015 - 28-01-2015, Cambridge, UK.
Draghici, C. The Blanket Ban on Assisted Suicide: Between Moral Paternalism and Utilitarian Justice. European Human Rights Law Review,
Draghici, C. (2009). Suspected terrorists' rights between the fragmentation and merger of legal orders: reflections in the margin of the Kadi ECJ appeal judgment. Washington University Global Studies Law Review, 8(4), pp. 627-658.
Duncan, N. J. (2010). Batting for a Future: An Ethics Response to the Challenges Facing Law Schools. Nottingham Law Journal, 19(1), pp. 1-11.
Duncan, N. J. (2010). Preparing Ethical Lawyers: A Prescription and a Practical Proposal. Legal Ethics, 13(1), pp. 79-92. doi: 10.5235/146072810791655224
Duncan, N. J. (2006). Pro Bono Legis Doctorum: 40 Years of the Law Teacher. Law Teacher, 40(3), pp. 313-330. doi: 10.1080/03069400.2006.9993214
Duncan, N. J. (2002). Responsibility and ethics in professional legal education. In: R. Burridge, K. Hinnet, A. Paliwala & T. Varnava (Eds.), Effective learning & teaching in law. (pp. 102-124). Abingdon: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-7494-3568-4
Duncan, N. J. (2005). Training and licensing lawyers in England and Wales. Bar Examiner, 74(4), p. 16.
Duncan, N. J. & Chandler, S. (2007). Learning professional ethics – an international perspective. Legal Ethics, 9(2), pp. 160-162.
Duncan, N. J. & Hutchinson, T. (2012). Defining and describing what we do: Doctrinal legal research. Deakin Law Review, 17(1), pp. 83-119.
Duncan, N. J. & Kay, S. (2010). Addressing Lawyer Competence, Ethics, and Professionalism. (2011 ed.) In: F. S. Bloch (Ed.), The Global Clinical Movement: Educating Lawyers for Social Justice. (pp. 183-195). New York: Oxford Univ Press. ISBN 0195381149
Duncan, N. J. & Maharg, P. (2007). Black box, Pandora’s box or virtual toolbox? An experiment in a journal’s transparent peer review on the web. International Review of Law, Computers & Technology, 21, pp. 109-128. doi: 10.1080/13600860701492104
Duncan, N.J. (2012). Preparing for the Challenge of a Corrupt Environment. European Journal of Legal Education, 7(1), pp. 21-26.
Duncan, N.J., Baughan, P., Dymiotis-Wellington, C., Halsall, S., Litosseliti, L. & Vielba, C. (2009). Promoting good academic practice through the curriculum and project work. Paper presented at the Teaching and Learning 7th London Scholarship of International Conference, London.
Elliott, C. (2010). Liability for Manslaughter by Omission: Don't Let the Baby Drown!. The Journal of Criminal Law, 74(2), pp. 163-179. doi: 10.1350/jcla.2010.74.2.627
Ellis, S., Makri, S. & Attfield, S. (2014). Keeping Up With the Law: Investigating Lawyers’ Monitoring Behaviour. New Library World, 115(7/8),
Elvin, J. D. & de Than, C. (2014). The Public-Private Divide in Prosecutions and Obtaining of Evidence: Towards a Code? In: D. Frenkel (Ed.), Private Law, Public Law and Human Rights. (pp. 65-78). Athens, Greece: Athens Institute for Education and Research. ISBN 9786185065256
Fahey, E. Between One-Shotters and Repeat Hitters: A Retrospective on the role of the European Parliament in the EU-US PNR Litigation. In: F. Nicol & B. Davies (Eds.), EU Law Stories. . Cambridge University Press.
Fahey, E. (2014). EU’S Cybercrime and Cyber Security Rule-Making: Mapping the Internal and External Dimensions of EU Security. European Journal of Risk Regulation, 5(1), pp. 46-60.
Fahey, E. (2013). Law and Governance as Checks and Balances in Transatlantic Security: Rights, Redress and Remedies in EU-US Passenger Name Records and the Terrorist Finance Tracking Program. Yearbook of European Law, 32(1), pp. 368-388. doi: 10.1093/yel/yet012
Fahey, E. (2014). Towards a Transatlantic Community of Law? The Use of Law between the EU and US Legal Orders: Questions of Legal Form and Characterisation. In: E. Fahey & D. Curtain (Eds.), A Transatlantic Community of Law: Legal Perspectives on the Relationship between the EU and US Legal Orders. (pp. 131-157). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107060517
Fahey, E. & Bardutzky, S. (2013). European Integration Through Law: Judicial Review of the Eurozone Crisis in European National, Regional and Supranational Courts. Michigan Journal of International Law Online:Emerging Scholarship Project, Summer, pp. 101-111.
Fahey, E. & Bartl, M. (2014). A Postnational Marketplace: Negotiating the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). In: E. Fahey & D. Curtin (Eds.), A Transatlantic Community of Law: Legal Perspectives on the Relationship between the EU and US legal orders. (pp. 210-234). Cambridge University Press.
Gale, S. E. (2015). Qualified privilege in defamation and the evolution of the doctrine of reportage. The Tort Law Review, 23(1), pp. 16-31.
Halsall, S. Training Legal Practitioners - Is China’s System of Legal Education Up To the Task?. Paper presented at the International Conference on the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, City University London.
Hatzis, N. (2009). Neutrality, Proselytism and Religious Minorities at the European Court of Human Rights and the US Supreme Court. Harvard International Law Journal, 49, pp. 120-131.
Haynes, J. D. (2015). Risk and Regulation of Access to Personal Data on Online Social Networking Services in the UK. (Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City University London)
Helmers, C., Lefouili, Y. & McDonagh, L. (2015). Evaluation of the Reforms of the Intellectual Property Enterprise Court 2010-2013. UK: UK IPO.
Helmers, C., Lefouili, Y. & McDonagh, L. (2013). Examining Patent Cases at the Patents Court and Intellectual Property Enterprise Court 2007-2013. UK: UK Intellectual Property Office.
Higgins, E., Tatham, L., Duncan, N. J. & Doherty, M. (2006). Unfair dismissal: procedure, fairness and compensation. Law Teacher, 40(3), pp. 336-348. doi: 10.1080/03069400.2006.9993216
Jackson, J., Bradford, B., Hough, M., Kuha, J., Stares, S., Widdop, S., Fitzgerald, R., Yordanova, M. & Galev, T. (2011). Developing European indicators of trust in justice. European Journal of Criminology, 8(4), pp. 267-285. doi: 10.1177/1477370811411458
Jones, A. (2007). More than 'managing across borders? The complex role of face-to-face interaction in globalizing law firms. Journal of Economic Geography, 7(3), pp. 223-246. doi: 10.1093/jeg/lbm003
Kalpouzos, I. (2013). International Law and the Classification of Conflicts. Leiden Journal of International Law, 26(3), pp. 767-772. doi: 10.1017/S0922156513000344
Karamanidou, L. & Schuster, L. (2012). Realizing One's Rights under the 1951 Convention 60 Years On: A Review of Practical Constraints on Accessing Protection in Europe. Journal of Refugee Studies, 25(2), pp. 169-192. doi: 10.1093/jrs/fer053
Kaur, S. & Allbon, E. (2011). Tuning in not zoning out: teaching students legal skills via a multimedia learning hub. Paper presented at the Learning in Law Annual Conference 2011: Experiencing legal education, 28 - 29 Jan 2011, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.
Koutrakos, P. (2011). The Emsland-Stärke test of abuse of law in the law of agriculture and free movement of goods. In: R. De La Feria (Ed.), Prohibition of Abuse of Law: A New General Principle of EU Law? (pp. 203-217). Hart Publishing. ISBN 9781841139388
Koutrakos, P. (2012). The European Union’s common foreign and security policy after lisbon. In: D. Ashiagabor, N. Countouris & I. Lianos (Eds.), The European Union after the Treaty of Lisbon. (pp. 185-209). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107017573
Koutrakos, P. (2010). The Interpretation of Mixed Agreements. In: C. Hillion (Ed.), Mixed Agreements Revisited - The EU and its Member States in the World. (pp. 116-137). Hart Publishing. ISBN 9781841139548
Koutrakos, P. (2009). The application of EC law to defence-related industries—changing interpretations of Article 296 EC. In: C. Barnard (Ed.), The Outer Limits of European Union Law. (pp. 307-327). Hart Publishing. ISBN 9781841138602
Krahé, B., Temkin, J., Bieneck, S. & Berger, A. (2008). Prospective lawyers' rape stereotypes and schematic decision making about rape cases. Psychology, Crime and Law, 14(5), pp. 461-479. doi: 10.1080/10683160801932380
Loveland, I. (2013). Landowner and landlord liability for the nuisance-causing actions of third parties on the landowner/landlord’s land: an analysis of Brumby v Octavia Housing. Journal of Planning and Environmental Law(1), pp. 5-18.
Makri, S. (2007). Studying Academic Lawyers' Information-Seeking to Inform the Design of Digital Law Libraries. IEEE Computer Society Bulletin of the Technical Committee on Digital Libraries, 3(3),
Makri, S., Blandford, A. & Cox, A. L. (2008). Investigating the information-seeking behaviour of academic lawyers: From Ellis's model to design.. Information Processing and Management, 44(2), pp. 613-634. doi: 10.1016/j.ipm.2007.05.001
Makri, S., Blandford, A. & Cox, A. L. (2007). ‘I’ll just Google it!’: Should lawyers’ perceptions of Google inform the design of electronic legal resources?. Paper presented at the Web Information-Seeking and Interaction Workshop 2007 (WISI2007), 23 - 27 July 2007, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Malagodi, M. (2015). Ivor Jennings's Constitutional Legacy beyond the Occidental-Oriental Divide. Journal of Law and Society, 42(1), pp. 102-126. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6478.2015.00700.x
McDonagh, L. (2014). Exploring perspectives of the Unified Patent Court and Unitary Patent within the business and legal communities. UK: UK Intellectual Property Office.
McDonagh, L. (2015). From Brand Performance to Consumer Performativity - Assessing European Trade Mark Law After the Rise of Anthropological Marketing. Journal Of Law And Society, 42(4),
McDonagh, L. (2014). Plays, Performances and Power Struggles - Examining Copyright's ‘Integrity’ in the Field of Theatre. The Modern Law Review, 77(4), pp. 533-562. doi: 10.1111/1468-2230.12078
Montana, R. (2012). Adversarialism in Italy: Using the concept of legal culture to understand resistance to legal modifications and its consequences. European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 20(1), pp. 99-120. doi: 10.1163/157181712X615258
Montana, R. (2009). Paradigms of judicial supervision and co-ordination between police and prosecutors: the Italian case in a comparative perspective. European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 17(4), pp. 309-333. doi: 10.1163/157181709X470974
Montana, R. (2009). Prosecutors and the definition of the crime problem in Italy: balancing the impact of moral panics. Criminal Law Forum, 20(4), pp. 471-494. doi: 10.1007/s10609-009-9108-y
Navarro, Jose (2013). The piercing of the corporate veil in Latin American jurisprudence; with specific emphasis on Panama. (Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City University London)
Ormerod, D. C., Choo, A. L.-T. & Easter, R. L. (2010). The "witness anonymity" and "investigation anonymity" provisions. Criminal Law Review(5), pp. 368-388.
Owusu-Bempah, A. (2015). Prosecuting hate crime: procedural issues and the future of the aggravated offences. Legal Studies, 35(3), pp. 443-462. doi: 10.1111/lest.12072
Riley, A. J. (2012). Commission V. Gazprom: The Antitrust Clash of the Decade? (Report No. 285). Centre for European Policy Studies Brief.
Riley, A. J. (2007). The EU Reform Treaty and the Competition Protocol: Undermining EC Competition Law (Report No. 142). Centre for European Policy Studies Brief.
Russi, L. (2009). Substance or Mere Technique? A Precis on Good Faith Performance in England, France and Germany. Hanse Law Review, 5(1), pp. 21-30.
Russi, L. & Longobardi, F. (2009). A tiny heart beating: Student-edited legal periodicals in good ol' Europe. German Law Journal, 10(7), pp. 1127-1148.
Seymour, D. (2013). This is the Piece that Everyone Here Has Come to Experience: The Challenges to Copyright of John Cage’s 4’33”. Legal Studies, 33(4), pp. 532-548. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-121X.2012.00262.x
Sime, S. (2014). Enforcement Against Goods: This Legislative Overload Must Stop. Civil Justice Quarterly, 33(3), pp. 1-15.
Soanes, M. (2010). The Legal Questing Beast: Vocational Students’ Research Strategies, Motivations and Emotions. Law Teacher, 44(2), pp. 149-168. doi: 10.1080/03069400.2010.486168
Soanes, M. (2014). The Well-educated Witness: Witness Familiarisation Training in England & Wales. The Law Teacher, 48(2), pp. 196-208. doi: 10.1080/03069400.2014.914733
Stanton, J. (2012). Local sustainable development: Lessons learned from the New Deal for Communities. Environmental Law Review, 14(1), pp. 26-43.
Stychin, C. (2009). Closet Cases: ‘Conscientious Objection’ to Lesbian and Gay Legal Equality. Griffith Law Review, 18, pp. 17-40.
Stychin, C. (1995). Novel Concepts: A Comment on Egan and Nesbit v. The Queen. Constitutional Forum, 6(4), pp. 101-106.
Stychin, C. (2011). Unity in Diversity: European Citizenship through the Lens of Popular Culture. Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice, 29, pp. 1-25.
Temkin, J. (2010). "And always keep a-hold of nurse, for fear of finding something worse": Challenging rape myths in the courtroom. New Criminal Law Review, 13(4), pp. 710-734. doi: 10.1525/nclr.2010.13.4.710
Truxal, S. (2010). At the sidelines of implementing the EU ETS: objections to ‘validity’. International Trade Law and Regulation, 16(4), pp. 28-36.
Truxal, S. (2008). Competitive distortions, carbon emissions efficiencies or the green ultimatum?. International Trade Law and Regulation, 14(4), pp. 77-79.
Truxal, S. (2014). Consumer protections and limited liability: Global order for air transport?. Journal of International and Comparative Law, 1(1), pp. 133-140.
Truxal, S. (2011). The ICAO Assembly Resolutions on international aviation and climate change: Historic agreement, breakthrough deal and the Cancun effect. Air & Space Law, 36(3), pp. 217-242.
Truxal, S. (2014). Risk of abuse of dominance in airport slots for "better" European airports?. ECLR: European Competition Law Review, 35(6), pp. 299-309.
Truxal, S. & Dunbar, R. (2012). Evaluating three levels of environmental taxation in aviation: Global limitation, EU determination and UK self-interest. In: Market instruments and sustainable economy. (pp. 275-289). Madrid, Spain: Instituto de Estudios Fiscales (IEF).
Truxal, S. & Harris, S. (2013). Airfreight: regulatory environment encourages or imposes price co-ordination?. Journal of Air Law & Commerce, 78(3), pp. 541-582.