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The prediction of soil surface displacements arising from elliptical shaft excavation in clay

Goodey, R.J., Divall, S. ORCID: 0000-0001-9212-5115 and Le, B. The prediction of soil surface displacements arising from elliptical shaft excavation in clay. Canadian Geotechnical Journal,


Shafts are used to allow access to subsurface infrastructure and generally comprise of a deep, vertical, narrow opening in the ground. Shafts may be constructed using a variety of methods and plan forms. An axisymmetric (cylindrical) geometry is often preferred due to the relatively simple structural analysis, construction method and for a number of approaches that are available to estimate the ground movements around such an excavation. In certain cases, particularly when there is restricted space both above and below surface, non-circular shafts could be a preferred solution. The assessment of surface movements around non-circular shafts (which engineers require for asset surveys) is difficult as little information exists and there are few empirical prediction methods available. In this study, a series of centrifuge tests have been conducted to investigate the effects of modifying the cross-sectional profile of a shaft (i.e. circular in plan compared with elliptical). Analysis of measurements obtained from centrifuge tests undertaken at City, University of London’s geotechnical centrifuge facility are presented and compared with existing predictive methods. An addendum to the empirical equations and procedures for predicting surface settlements arising from circular shafts is presented to allow for the assessment of movements around elliptical shafts in clay.

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: Shaft construction; Ground movements; Centrifuge modelling
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2021 12:37
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