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Negligible impact on posture from 5-diopter vertical yoked prisms

Suttle, C. M., Asper, L. J., Sturnieks, D. & Menant, J. (2015). Negligible impact on posture from 5-diopter vertical yoked prisms. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 56(5), pp. 2980-2984. doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-15866


PURPOSE: Yoked prisms are used by some optometrists to adjust posture, but evidence to support this practice is sparse and low level. The aim of this research was to investigate whether vertical yoked prisms have an impact on posture in healthy adults. METHODS: Posture was assessed objectively in 20 healthy adults, by recording a range of joint angles or body segment locations at the ankle, hip, torso, neck, and head during participant observation of a straight-ahead target, and subsequently with eyes closed. Recording occurred before, during, and after wearing goggles with control plano lenses, and 5-diopter (D) base-up and 5-D base-down yoked prisms. In each viewing condition, the goggles were worn for 30 minutes. Interaction effects of lens/prism condition by time on joint angles and body orientation were determined. RESULTS: In the eyes-open and eyes-closed conditions, no significant lens/prism × time interaction effects were found at the torso, neck, hip, or ankle (P > 0.1). However, in both eyes-open and eyes-closed conditions a significant lens/prism × time interaction was found at the head (P = 0.031 and 0.006, respectively), with head extended (tilted backward) by up to 2.5 degrees more while viewing with base-down prisms than with plano lenses. CONCLUSIONS: In healthy adults, 5-D base-down yoked prisms were not associated with a change in body posture. A small effect on head orientation and not at other locations suggests a minimal effect on posture. Research in a larger sample and in individuals with abnormal posture is needed to verify this.

Publication Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Optometry & Visual Sciences
SWORD Depositor:
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