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Differential effects and temporal course of attentional and motivational training on excessive drinking

Cox, W. M., Fadardi, J. S., Hosier, S. G. & Pothos, E. M. (2015). Differential effects and temporal course of attentional and motivational training on excessive drinking. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 23(6), pp. 445-454. doi: 10.1037/pha0000038


Background. Two cognitive-motivational variables that help to solidify drinkers’ intentions to drink are their alcohol attentional bias and their maladaptive motivation. Objective. The Alcohol Attention Control Training Programme (AACTP) was designed to rectify the former, and the Life Enhancement and Advancement Programme (LEAP) was designed to rectify the latter. Method. The present study used a factorial design to compare the individual and combined effects of the two interventions on mean weekly drinking and atypical weekly drinking of 148 harmful drinkers (49% males, mean age = 28.8 years). A variety of other cognitivemotivational and demographic measures were also taken at baseline, and the drinking measures were reassessed at post-treatment and 3 and 6 months later. Results. In comparison to LEAP, the effects of AACTP were less enduring. Combining AACTP and LEAP had few incremental benefits. Conclusions. These results suggest that AACTP would be more effective for achieving short-term reductions in drinking, whereas LEAP would be more effective for alleviating problematic drinking.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright American Psychological Association. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Publisher Keywords: excessive drinking, attentional training, motivational training, alcohol abuse, brief interventions
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Psychology
SWORD Depositor:
[thumbnail of Cox et al  ms  11 June 2015.pdf]
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