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Diagnostic accuracy of technologies for glaucoma case-finding in a community setting

Dabasia, P. L., Fidalgo, B. R., Edgar, D. F. , Garway-Heath, D. F. & Lawrenson, J. (2015). Diagnostic accuracy of technologies for glaucoma case-finding in a community setting. Ophthalmology, 122(12), pp. 2407-2415. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2015.08.019


DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational, community-based study.

PARTICIPANTS: A total of 505 subjects aged ≥60 years recruited from a community setting using no predefined exclusion criteria.

METHODS: Subjects underwent 4 index tests conducted by a technician unaware of subjects' ocular status. FDT and MMDT were used in suprathreshold mode. iVue OCT measured ganglion cell complex and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness. Reference standard was full ophthalmic examination by an experienced clinician who was masked to index test results. Subjects were classified as POAG (open drainage angle, glaucomatous optic neuropathy, and glaucomatous field defect), glaucoma suspect, ocular hypertension, or non-POAG/nonocular hypertension.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Test performance evaluated the individual as the unit of analysis. Diagnostic accuracy was assessed using predefined cutoffs for abnormality, generating sensitivity, specificity, and likelihood ratios. Continuous data were used to derive estimates of sensitivity at 90% specificity and partial area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) plots from 90% to 100% specificity.

RESULTS: From the reference standard examination, 26 subjects (5.1%) had POAG and 32 subjects (6.4%) were glaucoma suspects. Sensitivity (95% confidence interval) at 90% specificity for detection of glaucoma suspect/POAG combined was 41% (28-55) for FDT, 35% (21-48) for MMDT, and 57% (44-70) for best-performing OCT parameter (inferior quadrant RNFL thickness); for POAG, sensitivity was 62% (39-84) for FDT, 58% (37-78) for MMDT, and 83% (68-98) for inferior quadrant RNFL thickness. Partial AUROC was significantly greater for inferior RNFL thickness than visual-function tests (P < 0.001). Post-test probability of glaucoma suspect/POAG combined and definite POAG increased substantially when best-performing criteria were combined for FDT or MMDT, iVue OCT, and ORA.

CONCLUSIONS: Diagnostic performance of individual tests gave acceptable accuracy for POAG detection. Low specificity of visual-function tests precludes their use in isolation, but case detection improves by combining RNFL thickness analysis with visual function tests.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2015 American Academy of Ophthalmology. Published by Elsevier Inc. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences > Optometry & Visual Sciences
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