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Electrical Conduction and Dielectric Breakdown Characteristics of Alkyl Ester Dielectric Fluids obtained from Palm Kernel Oil

Abdelmalik, A. A., Fothergill, J. and Dodd, S. J. (2012). Electrical Conduction and Dielectric Breakdown Characteristics of Alkyl Ester Dielectric Fluids obtained from Palm Kernel Oil. IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, 19(5), pp. 1623-1632. doi: 10.1109/TDEI.2012.6311509


Naturally occurring palm kernel oil (PKO) and its ester derivatives are being considered as sustainable alternatives to synthetic oils for use as dielectric fluids. This paper reports on their dielectric properties, which have been studied and compared to BS148 mineral oil. The low frequency complex dielectric response of the PKO and its derivatives are related to ionic conduction and electrode polarization phenomena. The purified PKO has an electrical conductivity of 3.04 ?? 10-12 Sm-1 at 30°C; this is 10 times lower than crude PKO but about 10 times greater than the BS148 oil. The bulk conductivity is thermally activated, activation energy = 0.47 eV, and influenced by viscosity. The ester derivatives have a higher conductivity than the PKO, which is related to ionic impurities introduced during processing. The breakdown field was measured in a bespoke cell enabling smaller volumes of oil (15 ml) than that used in ASTM D1816. The characteristic ac breakdown strength of purified PKO and is alkyl esters were found to be in the range, 41 to 43 kV/mm, which is significantly higher than the mineral oil (27 kV/mm). The results support the proposition that a dielectric fluid derived from palm kernel oil, once re-purified, may be a suitable replacement for mineral oil based fluids in HV electrical equipment.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2012 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: Presidents's Portfolio
School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2016 11:12
Text - Accepted Version
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