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PT-symmetric interpretation of double-scaling

Bender, C., Moshe, M. & Sarkar, S. (2012). PT-symmetric interpretation of double-scaling. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, 46(10), article number e102002. doi: 10.1088/1751-8113/46/10/102002


The conventional double-scaling limit of an O(N)-symmetric quartic quantum field theory is inconsistent because the critical coupling constant is negative. Thus, at the critical coupling the Lagrangian defines a quantum theory with an upside-down potential whose energy appears to be unbounded below. Worse yet, the integral representation of the partition function of the theory does not exist. It is shown that one can avoid these difficulties if one replaces the original theory by its PT-symmetric analog. For a zero-dimensional O(N)-symmetric quartic vector model the partition function of the PT-symmetric analog is calculated explicitly in the double-scaling limit.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical. The publisher is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Mathematics
SWORD Depositor:
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