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Comparison of methods for determining pulse arrival time from Doppler and photoplethysmography signals

Kyriacou, P. A. and Phillips, J. P. (2014). Comparison of methods for determining pulse arrival time from Doppler and photoplethysmography signals. 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), pp. 3809-3812. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2014.6944453 ISSN 1557-170X


The aim of this study was to compare three foot-finding methods applied to ultrasound Doppler and photoplethysmographic (PPG) signals: maximum 1st derivative, maximum 2nd derivative and an 'intersecting tangents' method. The pulse arrival times of each method were compared. Also the precision of each method was evaluated by comparing instantaneous cardiac periods derived using each method from simultaneous Doppler and PPG with a reference measurement: the R-R interval calculated from a simultaneously recorded ECG. The results show that the maximum 1st derivative method produced significantly larger pulse arrival times than the other two methods. The intersecting tangents method produced greatest precision for cardiac periods compared with ECG than maximum 1st or 2nd derivatives for both Doppler (r(2) = 0.975) and PPG (r(2) = 0.987) signals.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: © 2014 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Subjects: R Medicine
T Technology
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering
School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
Date available in CRO: 29 Jan 2016 14:34
Date deposited: 1 August 2017
Date of first online publication: 1 January 2014
Text - Accepted Version
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