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Sub-Nyquist signal-reconstruction-free operational modal analysis and damage detection in the presence of noise

Gkoktsi, K., Giaralis, A. & TauSiesakul, B. (2016). Sub-Nyquist signal-reconstruction-free operational modal analysis and damage detection in the presence of noise. Paper presented at the SPIE Smart Structures and Materials + Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring, 20-24 Mar 2016, Las Vegas, USA.


Motivated by a need to reduce energy consumption in wireless sensors for vibration-based structural health monitoring (SHM) associated with data acquisition and transmission, this paper puts forth a novel approach for undertaking operational modal analysis (OMA) and damage localization relying on compressed vibrations measurements sampled at rates well below the Nyquist rate. Specifically, non-uniform deterministic sub-Nyquist multi-coset sampling of response acceleration signals in white noise excited linear structures is considered in conjunction with a power spectrum blind sampling/estimation technique which retrieves/samples the power spectral density matrix from arrays of sensors directly from the sub-Nyquist measurements (i.e., in the compressed domain) without signal reconstruction in the time-domain and without posing any signal sparsity conditions. The frequency domain decomposition algorithm is then applied to the power spectral density matrix to extract natural frequencies and mode shapes as a standard OMA step. Further, the modal strain energy index (MSEI) is considered for damage localization based on the mode shapes extracted directly from the compressed measurements. The effectiveness and accuracy of the proposed approach is numerically assessed by considering simulated vibration data pertaining to a white-noise excited simply supported beam in healthy and in 3 damaged states, contaminated with Gaussian white noise. Good accuracy is achieved in estimating mode shapes (quantified in terms of the modal assurance criterion) and natural frequencies from an array of 15 multi-coset devices sampling at a 70% slower than the Nyquist frequency rate for SNRs as low as 10db. Damage localization of equal level/quality is also achieved by the MSEI applied to mode shapes derived from noisy sub-Nyquist (70% compression) and Nyquist measurements for all damaged states considered. Overall, the furnished numerical results demonstrate that the herein considered sub-Nyquist sampling and multi-sensor power spectral density estimation techniques coupled with standard OMA and damage detection approaches can achieve effective SHM from significantly fewer noisy acceleration measurements.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Appears in final form SPIE Proceedings. Please cite as: Gkoktsi, K., Giaralis, A. & TauSiesakul, B. "Sub-Nyquist signal-reconstruction-free operational modal analysis and damage detection in the presence of noise." Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2016, Lynch, Proc. SPIE 9803, 980312, 2016. Copyright 2016 Society of Photo Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic electronic or print reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.
Publisher Keywords: compressive sensing, multi-coset sampling, power spectrum estimation, operational modal analysis, mode shapes, damage detection, modal strain energy
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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