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Location Aware Data Aggregation for Efficient Message Dissemination in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

Milojevic, M. & Rakocevic, V. (2015). Location Aware Data Aggregation for Efficient Message Dissemination in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 64(12), pp. 5575-5583. doi: 10.1109/TVT.2015.2487830


An intelligent location-aware data aggregation mechanism for real-time observation, estimation, and efficient dissemination of any kind of traffic information in vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) is presented in this paper. The mechanism introduces a location awareness algorithm, enabling spatiotemporal database indexing and providing the location context of the messages without the use of advanced positioning systems such as satellite navigation and digital maps. Intelligent passive clustering and adaptive broadcasting are used to minimize the number of messages exchanged, packet collisions, and network load. The incoming messages are fused by a Kalman filter, allowing the description of the traffic-related information as a system characterized by as many variables as needed, depending on the application design. The scheme allows the comparison of aggregates and single observations, which enables their merging and better overall accuracy. Old information in aggregates is removed by real-time database refreshing, thus leaving only newer relevant information for the driver to make real-time decisions in traffic. The mechanism is generic and can be used for any kind of VANET information. It is evaluated by extensive simulations to show the efficiency and accuracy.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2015 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: cooperation, dissemination, intelligent data aggregation, VANETs.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
School of Science & Technology > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
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