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Modelling and characterization of NAND flash memory channels

Xu, Q., Gong, P., Chen, T. , Michael, J. & Li, S. (2015). Modelling and characterization of NAND flash memory channels. Measurement, 70, pp. 225-231. doi: 10.1016/j.measurement.2015.04.003


The threshold voltage distribution after ideal programming in NAND flash memory cells is usually distorted by a combination of the random telegraph noise (RTN), cell-to-cell interference (CCI), and the retention process. To decide the original bits more accurately in this scenario, a precise channel model shall be utilized on the basis of the measured threshold voltages. This paper aims to characterize these various distortions occurring in multi-level cell (MLC) flash memories. A mathematical description of the overall distribution for the total flash channel distortion is presented. The final threshold voltage distribution for each symbol of MLC flash is also characterized, which is important for calculating the exact soft decisions of cell bits and the application of advanced flash error correction. The results of the theoretical analysis have been validated through Monte Carlo simulations of the flash channel.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2015, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Publisher Keywords: NAND flash; Error correction codes; Flash channel; Soft decisions
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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