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Assessing the Quality of Goal Setting in Behavioural Support for Smoking Cessation and its Association with Outcomes

Lorencatto, F., West, R., Bruguera, C. , Brose, L. S. & Michie, S. (2015). Assessing the Quality of Goal Setting in Behavioural Support for Smoking Cessation and its Association with Outcomes. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 50(2), pp. 310-318. doi: 10.1007/s12160-015-9755-7


BACKGROUND: Smoking cessation behavioural support can be effective but practitioners differ markedly in effectiveness, possibly due to variation in the quality of delivery of key behaviour change techniques, such as goal setting (i.e. setting a quit date).

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to (i) develop a reliable method for assessing the quality of practitioners' support in setting quit dates and (ii) assess whether quality predicts initiation of abstinence as a first step to quitting.

METHODS: A scale for scoring the quality of goal setting was developed from national guidance documents and applied to 85 transcribed behavioural support sessions. Inter-rater reliability was assessed. Associations between quality scores and quit attempts were assessed.

RESULTS: The 10-item scale produced had good inter-rater reliability (Kappa = 0.68). Higher quality goal setting was associated with increased self-reported quit attempts (p < .001; OR = 2.60, 95 % CI 1.54-4.40). The scale components 'set a clear quit date' (χ (2) (2, N = 85) = 22.3, p < .001) and 'within an appropriate timeframe' (χ (2) (2, N = 85) = 15.5, p < .001) were independently associated with quit attempts.

CONCLUSIONS: It is possible to reliably assess the quality of goal setting in smoking cessation behavioural support. Higher quality of goal setting is associated with greater likelihood of initiating quit attempts.

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: Goal setting, Smoking cessation, Quality, Fidelity, Behavioural support
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Departments: School of Health & Psychological Sciences
Text - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution International Public License 4.0.

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