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High-power CMOS current driver with accurate transconductance for electrical impedance tomography

Constantinou, L., Triantis, I., Bayford, R. & Demosthenous, A. (2014). High-power CMOS current driver with accurate transconductance for electrical impedance tomography. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, 8(4), pp. 575-583. doi: 10.1109/tbcas.2013.2285481


Current drivers are fundamental circuits in bioimpedance measurements including electrical impedance tomography (EIT). In the case of EIT, the current driver is required to have a large output impedance to guarantee high current accuracy over a wide range of load impedance values. This paper presents an integrated current driver which meets these requirements and is capable of delivering large sinusoidal currents to the load. The current driver employs a differential architecture and negative feedback, the latter allowing the output current to be accurately set by the ratio of the input voltage to a resistor value. The circuit was fabricated in a 0.6-μ m high-voltage CMOS process technology and its core occupies a silicon area of 0.64 mm2. It operates from a ± 9 V power supply and can deliver output currents up to 5 mA p-p. The accuracy of the maximum output current is within 0.41% up to 500 kHz, reducing to 0.47% at 1 MHz with a total harmonic distortion of 0.69%. The output impedance is 665 kΩ at 100 kHz and 372 k Ω at 500 kHz.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2014 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Accurate transconductance, bioimpedance, CMOS circuits, current driver, electrical impedance tomography (EIT), high power design
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
SWORD Depositor:
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