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Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation using dispersion-engineered Ge11.5As24Se64.5 chalcogenide channel waveguide

Karim, M. R., Rahman, B. M. & Agrawal, G. P. (2015). Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation using dispersion-engineered Ge11.5As24Se64.5 chalcogenide channel waveguide. Optics Express, 23(5), pp. 6903-6914. doi: 10.1364/OE.23.006903


We numerically investigate mid-infrared supercontinuum (SC) generation in dispersion-engineered, air-clad, Ge11.5As24Se64.5 chalcogenide-glass channel waveguides employing two different materials, Ge11.5As24S64.5 or MgF2 glass for their lower cladding. We study the effect of waveguide parameters on the bandwidth of the SC at the output of 1-cm-long waveguide. Our results show that output can vary over a wide range depending on its design and the pump wavelength employed. At the pump wavelength of 2 µm the SC never extended beyond 4.5 µm for any of our designs. However, supercontinuum could be extended to beyond 5 µm for a pump wavelength of 3.1 µm. A broadband SC spanning from 2 µm to 6 µm and extending over 1.5 octave could be generated with a moderate peak power of 500 W at a pump wavelength of 3.1 µm using an air-clad, all-chalcogenide, channel waveguide. We show that SC can be extended even further when MgF2 glass is used for the lower cladding of chalcogenide waveguide. Our numerical simulations produced SC spectra covering the wavelength range 1.8-7.7 µm (> two octaves) by using this geometry. Both ranges exceed the broadest SC bandwidths reported so far. Moreover, we realize it using 3.1 µm pump source and relatively low peak power pulses. By employing the same pump source, we show that SC spectra can cover a wavelength range of 1.8-11 µm (> 2.5 octaves) in a channel waveguide employing MgF2 glass for its lower cladding with a moderate peak power of 3000 W.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © Rahman, BMA, 2015 Optical Society of America. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modifications of the content of this paper are prohibited.
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
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