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An addendum for particle image velocimetry in centrifuge modelling

Nadimi, S., Divall, S., Fonseca, J., Goodey, R.J. and Taylor, R.N. (2016). An addendum for particle image velocimetry in centrifuge modelling. Paper presented at the The 3rd European Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics, 1-3 Jun 2016, Nantes, France.


Image-based analysis is a growing field in geotechnical engineering and has a wide range of applications from measuring particle size distribution to observing the three dimensional internal deformation of granular materials. In centrifuge modelling, pre-failure deformation can be captured from the visible vertical plane of the models. This paper describes a new set-up for measuring a two dimensional displacement field using particle image velocimetry (PIV). The system makes use of the texture (intensity of pixel) of images to determine the accurate pattern of pre-failure ground movements. A complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) sensor is employed rather than a charged couple device (CCD) sensor used in previous studies. Three examples are presented: (1) synthetic experiment using a sliding bed equipped with LVDT behind the window of a strong box to make and measure controlled displacements; (2) strip footing test on glass ballotini under vertical loading; (3) ground movement generated during a shaft construction in clay. These examples provide a range of tests with artificial texture and demonstrate the most important parameters governing the experimental set-up and image analysis. The possibility of using PIV for grain scale investigations is dis-cussed. The study highlights the benefits of new technology and provides guidelines to minimise artefacts in image processing.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering
Date available in CRO: 24 Jun 2016 11:02
Date deposited: 3 August 2016
Date of acceptance: 7 March 2016
Date of first online publication: 3 June 2016
Text - Accepted Version
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