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Building Stone Condition Monitoring Using Specially Designed Compensated Optical Fiber Humidity Sensors

Sun, T., Grattan, K. T. V., Srinivasan, S. , Basheer, P.A.M., Smith, B. J. & Viles, H. A. (2012). Building Stone Condition Monitoring Using Specially Designed Compensated Optical Fiber Humidity Sensors. IEEE Sensors Journal, 12(5), pp. 1011-1017. doi: 10.1109/JSEN.2011.2163504


This paper presents the design and implementation of a novel optical fiber temperature compensated relative humidity (RH) sensor device, based on fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) and developed specifically for monitoring water ingress leading to the deterioration of building stone. The performance of the sensor thus created, together with that of conventional sensors, was first assessed in the laboratory where they were characterized under experimental conditions of controlled wetting and drying cycles of limestone blocks, before being employed “in-the-field” to monitor actual building stone in a specially built wall. Although a new construction, this was built specifically using conservation methods similar to those employed in past centuries, to allow an accurate simulation of processes occurring with wetting and drying in the historic walls in the University of Oxford.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2011 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Publisher Keywords: Building stone monitoring, humidity sensor, optical fiber sensor, temperature compensation
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Science & Technology > Engineering
School of Science & Technology > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
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